Biochemical characterization of juices from three wild fruit species consumed in Côte d’Ivoire "Adansonia digitata, Parkia biglobosa and Tamarindus indica"

Kouassi Kouamé Antoine, Beugré Grah Avit Maxwell, Kouassi Kouakou Nestor, N'Dri Yao Denis, Amani N'Guessan Georges, Gnakri Dago


In the context of the valorization and the development of local products in Côte d’Ivoire, this study is based on juices samples prepared from the pulp of wild fruits of Baobab (Adansonia digitata), Tomi (Tamarindus indica) and Néré (Parkia biglobosa). The physiochemical characteristics such as dry matter (desiccation, 105°C), mineral (spectrophotometer), ash, fat, fiber and protein (AOAC), Energy (coefficients), vitamins A & C (HPLC), organic acids & total polyphenols (HPLC), carbohydrate (by difference), pH and titratable acidity (titrimetry, NaOH) of pasteurized juices (75°C, 5 min) were investigated. Data showed that the juices have been characterized by low protein (0.21-0.28 %), fat (0.26-0.65 %) and ash (0.20-0.47 %) content and high level of total carbohydrates (21-30 %) and energy (85.83-124.43 Kcal/100mL). Baobab and Tomi juices were distinguished by their high acidity (103-159 meq.g / Kg) while Baobab and Néré juices were characterized by their average fiber content (4-5.30 %). The juices of Baobab, Tomi and Néré are very rich in some minerals (K and Mg) but calcium (Ca) and iron (Fe) are not bioavailable (Oxales/Ca and Oxalates/Fe > 2). The juice of baobab is rich in vit A (80 mg/100mL) and vit C (189 mg/100mL) than the others juices. Catechin was the most phenolic content (52.29-110.32 mg/100mL) where tartric acid was the most organic acid (4.02-6.82 mg/100mL) in the juices. The knowledge of the nutritional value of these juices could contribute to a better understanding of the essential role of these three wild fruits in terms of food and trade.


Cote d’Ívoire, Baobab, Tomi, Nerf, Fruit Juice, Phyto-chemical characteristic

Full Text:



Herzog, F., 1994. Multipurpose shade trees in coffee and cocoa plantations in Côte d’Ivoire. Agroforestry Systems, 27: 259-267.

Kouamé, N.M.T., Gnahoua, G.M., Konan, E.K., Traoré, D., 2008. "Les plantes spontanées alimentaires de la région du Fromager (Gagnoa): Flore, habitats et organes consommés". Sciences & Nature, 5(1) : 61-70.

Kouamé, N.M.T., Soro, K., Mangara, A., Diarrassouba, N., Coulibaly, A.V., Boraud, N.K.M., 2015."Etude physico-chimique de sept (7) plantes spontanées alimentaires du centre-ouest de la Côte d’Ivoire". Journal of Applied Biosciences, 90 : 8450-8463,

Ambé, G., 2001. "Les fruits sauvages comestibles des savanes guinéennes de Côte d’Ivoire: Etat de la connaissance par une population locale, les Malinkés". Biotechnologie, Agronomie, Société et Environnement, 5(1) : 45-58.

Becker, B., 1983. "The contribution of wild plants to human nutrition in the Ferlo (Nor them Senegal)", Agroforestry Systems, 1: 257-267.

Bergeret, A., Ribot, J.C., 1990. L’arbre nourricier en pays sahélien. Editions de la Maison des sciences de l’homme, Paris, p 237.

Kouassi, A.K., Beugré, G.A.M., Kouassi, K.N, N’dri, Y.D, Amani, N.G., Gnakri, D., 2018. Glycemic Index and Glycemic Load of juice from Edible Wild Fruits «Adansonia digitata, Tamarindus indica and Parkia biglobosa» Consumed in Côte d’Ivoire. Journal of Biosciences and Medicines, 6: 63-74.

Favier, J., Ireland-Rippert, J., Laussucq, C., Feinberg, M., 1983. Répertoire général des aliments: Table de composition des fruits exotiques et fruits de cueillette d’Afrique In (Vol. Tome 3). Paris France Lavoisier.

Soloviev, P., Niang, T., Gaye, A., Totte, A., 2003. "Variabilité des caractères physico-chimiques des fruits de trois espèces ligneuses de cueillette, récoltés au Sénégal: Adansonia digitata, Balanites aegypriaca et Tamarindus indica". Fruits, 59: 109-119.

Cissé, I., 2012. Caractérisation des propriétés biochimiques et nutritionnelles de la pulpe de baobab des espèces endémiques de Madagascar et d’Afrique continentale en vue de leur valorisation. Thèse, Ecole doctorale : Sciences des Procédés-Sciences des Aliments. Montpellier Supargro, France. 6-77.

Grollier, C., Debien,C., Domier, M.,Reynes, M., 1998. "Principales caractéristiques et voies de valorisation du tamarin". Fruits, 53: 271-280.

Ouattara K., 2011. Essai de production de nectar de pulpe de néré (Parkia biglobosa) et sa caractérisation. Mémoire de fin d’études pour l’obtention de la licence professionnelle en Agroalimentaire, Université Polytechnique de Bobo-Dioulasso, Burkina Faso, 65 p.

AOAC, 1990. «Official Methods of Analysis», 13th Edition, Association of Official Analytical Chemists. Washington DC.

Antia, B.S., Akpan, E.J., Okon, P.A., Umoren, I.U., 2006 Nutritive and Anti-nutritive Evaluation of Sweet Potatotoes (Ipomoea batatas) Leaves. Pakistan Journal of Nutrition, 5(2): 166-168.

Atwater, W. and Rosa, E., 1899. A new respiratory calomrimeter and experiments on the conservation of energy in human body. II-Physical Review, 9: 214-251.

A.P.H.A., 1995. Standard methods for examination of water and waste water, 19th ed., American Public Health Association, USA, 113-11

Julkumen-Tiitto, R., 1985. Phenolic constituents in the leaves of northern willows: methods for the analysis of certain phenolics. Journal of agricultural and Food Chemistry. 33(2): 213-217.

Meda, A., Lamien, C.E., Romito, M., Millogo, J., Nacoulma, O.G., 2005. Determination of the total phenolic, flavonoid and proline contents in Burkina Faso honey, as well as their radical scavenging activity. Food Chemistry, 91: 571-577.

Swain, T. 1979. Tannis and Lignins In: Herbivores: Their Interreactionswith Plant Metabolites, Roental, G.A. and D.H. Janen (Eds), Academic Press, New York.

Ukpabi, U.J., Ejidoh, J.I., 1989. Effect of deep oil frying on the oxalate content and the degree of itching of cocoyams (Xanthosoma and Colocasia spp). Technical paper presented at the 5th Annuel Conference of the Agricultural Society of Nigeria, Federal University of Technology Owerri, Nigeria, 3-6.

Donovan, G.A., Dohoo, L.R., Montgomery, D.M., Bennett, F.L., 1998. Calf and disease factors affecting growth in female Holstein calves in Florida, USA. Preventive Veterinary Medicine, 33: 1-10.

Zhao, H.L., Grossman, H.B., Hernandez, L.M., Dinney, C.P., Wu, X., 2007. "Dietary isothiocyanates, GSTM1, GSTT1, NAT2 polymorphisms and bladder cancer risk", International Journal of Cancer, 120: 2208-2213.

Murphy, N., Norat, T., Ferrari, P., Jenab, M, Bueno-de-Mesquita B, Skeie, G. et al. 2012. Dietary Fibre Intake and Risks of Cancers of the Colon and Rectum. European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition (EPIC). PLoS ONE, 7(6): e39361, 10p.

Cissé, M., Sakho, M., Dornier, M., Diop, C., Reynes, M., Sock, O., 2008."Caractérisation du fruit du baobab et étude de sa transformation en nectar". Fruits, 64 : 19-34.

Diop, N., Ndiaye, A., Cisse, M., Dieme, O., Dornier, M., Sock, O., 2010. Le ditax (Detarium senegalense J. F. Gmel.): principales caractéristiques et utilisations au Sénégal. Fruits,65: 293-360.

DeCaluwé, E., Halamova, K., Van Damma, P., 2010. "Tamarindus indica L.” A Review of traditional use, phytochemistry and pharmacology. Africa focus, 1(23): 11-51

Amic, D., Davidovic, A.D., Beslo, D., Trinajstic, N., 2003. Structure-radical scavenging activity relationship of flavonoids. Croatica Chemica Acta, 76: 55-61.

Hagerman, A.E., Riedl, K.M., Jones, G.A., Sovik, K.N., Ritchard, N.T., Hartzfeld, P.W., Riechel, T.L., 1998. High molecular weight plant phenolics (tanins) as biological antioxidants. Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry, 46: 1887-1892.

Kumar, P.A., Saadatdous, Z., Mohd, E.N., Hailawati, H., Ismail, A., 2015. Diatary cocoa protects against colitis-associated cancer by activating the Nrf2/Keapl pathway. BioFactors, 41: 1-14.

Pai, M.L., 1957. Influence of cooking of the nutritional value of foods. II. Riboflavin, nicotinic-acid and ascorbic-acid content of some cooked foods. Indian Journal of Medical Research, 45: 635-643.

Otten J.J., Hellwig P.J, Meyers D.L., 2006. Dietary references intakes.The Essential Guide to Nutrient Requirements. Institute of Medicine of the National Academies. The National Academies Press. Washington, D.C., 1329 p

Thoulon-Page, C., 1995. Nutriments, aliments et technologies alimentaires. SIMEP, 2: 11-37.

INIBAP, 2001. Annual rapport 2001. International network for improvement of banana and banana plantain, Montpelier, France, p 24.

Pamplona, R.G.D., 2006. Croquez la vieǃ Des aliments qui guérissent et qui préviennent. Tafferes Grẚficos Penalara, 5(1): 81-93.

Wong, S.P., Leong, L.P, Koh, J.H.W., 2006. Antioxidant activities of aqueous extracts of selected plants. Food Chemistry, 99: 775-783.

Mullen, W., Marks, S.C., Crozier, A., 2007. Evaluation of phenolic compounds in commercial fruit juices and fruit drinks. Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry, 55: 3148-3157.

Shen, S.S., Callaghan, D., Juzwik, C., Xiong, H.Q., Huang, P.L., Zhang, W.D., 2010. ABCG2 reduces ROS-mediated toxicity and inflammation: A potential role in Alzheimer's disease. Journal of. Neurochemistry. 114: 1590-1604.

Brune, M., Rossander, L., Hallberg, L., 1989. Iron absorption and phenolic compounds: importance of different phenolic structures. European Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 43: 547-557.

Coe, F.L., Evan, A., Worcester, E., 2005. Kidney stone disease. Journal of clinical Investigation, 115(10): 2598-2608.

Chung, K.T., Wong, T.Y., Wei, C.I., Huang, Y.W., Lin, Y., 1998. Tannins and human health. Critical Reviews Food Science and Nutrition, 38(6): 421-464.

Hii, C.L., Law, C., Suzannah, S., Misnawi, S.J., Cloke, M., 2010. Polyphenols in cocoa (Theobroma cacao L.). Asian Journal of Food and Agro-Industry, 2: 702-722.



  • There are currently no refbacks.

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Open Science Journal (OSJ) is multidisciplinary Open Access journal. We accept scientifically rigorous research, regardless of novelty. OSJ broad scope provides a platform to publish original research in all areas of sciences, including interdisciplinary and replication studies as well as negative results.