Understanding and exploring social psychology in the context of human behavior

Aida Mehrad, Jeslie Da Veiga, Jaya Kasparian, Minely Cardoso, Isabel Hernandez


The range of social psychology is explored and broken down to understand the elements that make up the topic. Social Psychology looks at many different points of view and issues that ultimately define what it is. The researchers of this literature review look at the various topics, theories, and aspects related to and linked with social psychology and compose a paper explaining the different elements. Social psychology is the study of social interactions in society. In this research paper, the researchers concentrate mainly on the various moving parts that come together to describe social psychology, such as behavior, peer pressure, happiness, social media, social proof, prejudice and discrimination, inclusion, belonging and love, social influence, etc. There is a plethora of other parts that belong to social psychology. Therefore, these findings and explorations derived from earlier studies will be helpful for future researchers and all those who like social psychology and want to be knowledgeable about its importance and focus, which is determined based on individuals' communications and social behavior in different cultures and societies, which will be more critical.


behavior, belonging, happiness, peer pressure, prejudice and discrimination, society, social influence, social media, social proof, social psychology

Full Text:



A History of Apartheid in South Africa. (n. d.). South African History Online. SAHO. https://www.sahistory.org.za/article/history-apartheid-south-africa

Allen, K.-A. (2020). The Psychology of Belonging (1st Ed.). London: Routledge.

Allport, F. H. (1937). The observations of social behaviors of individuals. Social Forces, 15, 484-487. https://doi.org/10.2307/2571415

Aronson, E., Wilson, T.D., & Akert, R.M. (2010). Social Psychology (7th Ed.), Pearson Prentice Hall: Upper Saddle River.

Arslan, G., Yıldırım, M., & Zangeneh, M. (2022). Coronavirus Anxiety and Psychological Adjustment in College Students: Exploring the Role of College Belongingness and Social Media Addiction. International journal of mental health and addiction, 20(3), 1546-1559.

Bandura, A. (2017). Social learning theory of aggression. In The control of aggression (pp. 201-252). Routledge.

Bandura, A., & Walters, R. H. (1977). Social Learning Theory (Vol. 1). Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice-Hall.

Black, S. V., Cooper, R., Martin, K. R., Brage, S., Kuh, D., Stafford, M. (2015). Physical activity and mental well-being in a cohort aged 60–64 years. Am. J. Prev. Med. 49,172-80.

Blass, T. (1999). The Milgram paradigm after 35 years: Some things we now know about obedience to authority 1. Journal of applied social psychology, 29(5), 955-978.

Buman, M. P., Hekler, E. B., Haskell, W. L., Pruitt, L., Conway, T. L., Cain, K. L., ... & King, A. C. (2010). Objective light-intensity physical activity associations with rated health in older adults. American journal of epidemiology, 172(10), 1155-1165.

Carr, E. W., Reece, A., Kellerman, G. R., & Robichaux, A. (2019). The Value of Belonging at Work. Inclusion and belonging. Harvard Business Review Home. https://hbr.org/2019/12/the-value-of-belonging-at-work

Clasen, D. R., & Brown, B. B. (1985). The multidimensionality of peer pressure in adolescence. Journal of youth and adolescence, 14(6), 451-468.

Daley, D. M. (1998). Attribution theory and the glass ceiling: Career development among federal employees. International Journal of Organization Theory & Behavior, 1(1), 93-116.

Deutsch, M., & Krauss, R. M. (1965). Social psychology (pp. 175-77). New York: Basic Books.

Easterlin, R. A. (2003). Explaining happiness. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 100(19), 11176-11183.

Equality and Human Rights Commission, (2016, May 16). Unlawful discrimination examples. https://www.equalityhumanrights.com/en/secondary-education-resources/useful-information/equality-case-studies

Frawley, A. (2015). Happiness research: A review of critiques. Sociology Compass, 9(1), 62-77.

Furnham, A. (2012). Emotional Intelligence. INTECH. London, UK: Open Access Publisher.

Greenwood, J. D. (2014). The social in social psychology. Social and Personality Psychology Compass, 8(7), 303-313.

Hashempour, S., & Mehrad, A. (2014). The effect of anxiety and emotional intelligence on students’ learning process. Journal of Education & Social Policy, 1(2), 115-122.

Heaney, J. J. (1973). Religious Belief and the Eucharist: A Philosophical Investigation. Yale University. Dissertations Publishing, 1973. 7326293.

Heider, F. (2013). The psychology of interpersonal relations. New Jersey, United States of America: Psychology Press.

Hills, P., & Argyle, M. (2002). The Oxford Happiness Questionnaire: a compact scale for the measurement of psychological well-being. Personality and individual differences, 33(7), 1073-1082.

Kite, M. E., & Whitley, B. E. (2016). Psychology of prejudice and discrimination. Routledge. New York: Routledge.

Lewis, F. M., & Daltroy, L. H. (1990). How causal explanations influence health behavior: Attribution theory. In K. Glanz, F. M. Lewis, & B. K. Rimer (Eds.), Health behavior and health education: Theory, research, and practice (pp. 92–114). Jossey-Bass/Wiley.

Lindesmith, A. R., Strauss, A., & Denzin, N. K. (1999). Lindesmith, A. R., Strauss, A., & Denzin, N. K. (1999). Social psychology. Sage.

Maccoby, E. E., Newcomb, T. M., & Hartley, E. L. (Eds.). (1958). Readings in social psychology (3rd Ed.). Henry Holt.

McFarland, L. A., & Ployhart, R. E. (2015). Social media: A contextual framework to guide research and practice. Journal of Applied Psychology, 100(6), 1653-1677.

McLeod, S. (2007). Social psychology. Retrieved from http://www.simplypsychology.org/ social-psychology.html. Accessed on August 20, 2013.

McLeod, S. A. (2008). Wilhelm Wundt. Simply Psychology. www.simplypsychology.org/wundt.html

Mcleod, S. (2021). Social Influence: A-level revision notes AQA(A). Simply Psychology. https://www.simplypsychology.org/a-level-social.html

McIntyre, K. (2014, February 20). Tajfel and Social Identity Theory. Pamoja. https://pamojaeducation.com/blog/tajfel-and-social-identity-theory

Mehrad, A., & Halimatussadiah, H., Redzuan, M., Haslinda, A., (2015). Relationship between reward and emotional intelligence of academic staff at Malaysian public universities. Journal of Educational, Health and Community Psychology, 4(1), 14-19.

Mehrad, A. (2020). Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) effect of coronavirus (COVID-19) pandemic and role of emotional intelligence. Journal of Social Science Research, 15, 185-190.

Palmer, H., & Driedger, L. (2015). Prejudice and Discrimination in Canada. In The Canadian Encyclopedia. Retrieved from https://www.thecanadianencyclopedia.ca/en/article/prejudice-and-discriminatio

Parker, I., & Shotter, J. (3rd Ed.). (2015). Deconstructing social psychology. New York: The United States. Psychology Press.

Radtke, L. (2022, August 25). Emotional Intelligence. Principles of Leadership Management. https://ecampusontario.pressbooks.pub/leadershipandmanagement/chapter/2-8-emotional-intelligence/

Rao, H., Greve, H. R., & Davis, G. F. (2001). Fool’s Gold: Social Proof in the Initiation and Abandonment of Coverage by Wall Street Analysts. Administrative Science Quarterly, 46(3), 502-526.

Rezaei, N. (2022). No risk, no gain? Socio-psychology of tourists experience in risky destinations. (Doctoral dissertation, Hong Kong Polytechnic University School of Hotel & Tourism Management, Hong Kong). Retrieved from https://theses.lib.polyu.edu.hk/bitstream/200/11703/3/6159.pdf

Robinson, E. A., & Jacobson, N. S. (1987). Social learning theory and family psychopathology. In Family interaction and psychopathology (pp. 117-162). Boston, MA: Springer.

Robles-Bello, M. A., Sánchez-Teruel, D., Valencia Naranjo, N., & Delgado Rodríguez, R. (2020). Preliminary Study on Emotional Competence in Adults with Down Syndrome. International Journal of Disability, Development and Education, 1-19.

Salmon, L. (2017 May 23). The importance of case studies in social research. Change works. https://www.changeworks.org.uk/news-and-events/blog/the-importance-of-case-studies-in-social-research

Segal, J., Smith, M., Robinson, L., & Shubin, J. (2022). Improving emotional intelligence (EQ). HelpGuide.https://www.helpguide.org/articles/mental-health/emotional-intelligence-eq.htm

Sherif, M. (1948). An outline of social psychology. Harper.

Slee, R. (2019). Belonging in an age of exclusion. International Journal of Inclusive Education, 23(9), 909-922.

Smith, E. R. (1996). What do connectionism and social psychology offer each other? Journal of personality and social psychology, 70(5), 893.

Smith, J. R., Louis, W. R., & Schultz, P. W. (2011). Introduction: Social influence in action. Group Processes & Intergroup Relations, 14(5), 599-603.

Sperlich, P. (1976). Attribution: Perceiving the Causes of Behavior. Edited by Edward E. Jones, David E. Kanouse, Harold H. Kelley, Richard E. Nisbett, Stuart Valins, and Bernard Weiner. (Morristown, N.J.: General Learning Press, 1972. Pp. 186. $8.95.). American Political Science Review, 70(2), 617-618.

Steinberg, L. (1986). Latchkey children and susceptibility to peer pressure: An ecological analysis. Developmental Psychology, 22(4), 433-439.

Steptoe, A. (2019). Happiness and health. Annu Rev Public Health, 40(1), 339-359.

Talib, Y. Y. A., & Saat, R. M. (2017). Social proof in social media shopping: An experimental design research. In SHS Web of Conferences (Vol. 34, p. 02005). EDP Sciences.

Valiavska, A., & Smith-Frigerio, S. (2022). Politics Over Public Health: Analysis of Twitter and Reddit Posts Concerning the Role of Politics in the Public Health Response to COVID-19. Health Communication, 1-10.

Valkenburg, P. M., Meier, A., & Beyens, I. (2022). Social media use and its impact on adolescent mental health: An umbrella review of the evidence. Current opinion in psychology, 44, 58-68.

Veenhoven, R. (2012). Happiness: Also known as “life satisfaction” and “subjective well-being”. In Handbook of social indicators and quality of life research (pp. 63-77). Springer, Dordrecht.

Wang, S. S. (2013, June 17). Peer pressure for teens paves the path to adulthood. The Wall Street Journal.https://www.wsj.com/articles/SB10001424127887324520904578551462766909232

Weick, K. E. (2015). The social psychology of organizing. M@ n@ gement, 18(2), 189-193.

Weiner, B. (Ed.). (1974). Achievement motivation and attribution theory. General Learning Press.

Weissenbacher, D., Banda, J., Davydova, V., Zavala, D. E., Sánchez, L. G., Ge, Y., ... & Gonzalez, G. (2022, October). Overview of the seventh social media mining for health applications (# smm4h) shared tasks at coling 2022. In Proceedings of The Seventh Workshop on Social Media Mining for Health Applications, Workshop & Shared Task (pp. 221-241).

West, C. (2022, June 3). Social proof: How to use psychology in digital marketing. Sprout Social. https://sproutsocial.com/insights/social-proof/

Wilson, T. D., Harvey, J., & Weary, G. (1985). Attribution: Basic issues and applications.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.23954/osj.v8i2.3391


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Open Science Journal (OSJ) is multidisciplinary Open Access journal. We accept scientifically rigorous research, regardless of novelty. OSJ broad scope provides a platform to publish original research in all areas of sciences, including interdisciplinary and replication studies as well as negative results.