The Butterfly Diversity in Bhilai Mahila Mahavidyalaya College Campus

Shikha Shrivastava, Ruby Alleppa


In the midst of the industrial area of Bhilai steel plant, the greenery on the campus of this college provides a home for many butterflies. The diversity of butterflies was investigated within the college campus of Bhilai Mahila Mahavidyalaya, Bhilai, which lies in the Durg district of Chattisgarh State. The state enjoys a tropical climate. The survey was done from February 2015 to October 2015. This period includes the summer and monsoon months. During the survey, a total of 45 species, belonging to five families of the Order Lepidoptera, were recorded in the study area. The predominance of family Nymphalidae was noted, which comprised of 37.77% of the butterflies surveyed,  followed by Pieridae (22.22%), Papilionidae (20%), Lycaenidae (11.11%), and Hesperidae (8.88%). Among the forty-five species of butterflies investigated, 11 species come under the Indian Wild Life (Protection) Act 1972.


Lepidoptera, Nymphalidae, Pieridae, Papilionidae, Lycaenidae, Hesperidae

Full Text:



Arya, M.K., Dayakrishna and R. Chaudhary (2014)Species richness and diversity of Butterflies in and around Kumaun University, Nainital, Uttarakhand, India, Journal of Entomology and Zoology Studies India 2(3): 153-159.

Chandra, K., R.M. Sharma, A. Singh & R.K. Singh (2007). A checklist of butterflies of Madhya Pradesh and Chhattisgarh States, India. Zoos’ Print Journal 22(8): 2790–2798.

Chandra, K., Singh, R.K. & Koshta, M.L. (2000a). On a collection of butterflies (Lepidoptera: Rhopalocera) from Sidhi District, Madhya Pradesh, India. Records of Zoological Survey of India 98(4): 1123.

Chandra, K., Singh, R.K. & Koshta, M.L. (2000b). On a collection of Butterfly fauna from Pachmarhi Biosphere Reserve. Proceedings of National Seminar on Biodiversity Conservation 8 Management with Special Reference on Biosphere Reserve, EPCO, Bhopal, November, 72-77.

Chandra,K. (2002). Butterflies of Pench Tiger Reserve, Madhya Pradesh. Zoos' Print Journal 17(10): 908 -909.

Chandra,K. (2006). A Checklist of Butterflies of Madhya Pradesh and Chhattisgarh States, India. Zoos' Print Journal 22(8): 2790-2798.

Chandra, K. (2006).The Butterflies (Lepidoptera: Rhopalocera) of Kangerghati National Park (Chhattisgarh). Advancement in Indian Entomology: Productivity and Health, Vol. II, 83– 88pp.

Chaudhury, M. (1995). Insecta: Lepidoptera, Fauna of Conservation Area: Fauna of Indravati Tiger Reserve. Zoological Survey of India 6: 45–52.

Chandra, K,.Angshuman Raha, Amitava Majumdar & Rajendra Prasad Gupta,(2014). New records and updated list of butterflies (Lepidoptera Rhopalocera) from Chhattisgarh, Central India . Records of Zoological Survey of India: 114(Part-2) : 233-250.

Cormont A. Malinowska A. H., Kostenko O, Radchuk V, Hemerik L, WallisDeVries M F, Verboom J.( 2011). Effect of local weather on butterfly flight behaviour, movement, and colonization: significance for dispersal under climate change.Biodivers Conserv 20:483–503DOI 10.1007/s10531-010-9960-4

Evans, W.H. (1932). The Identification of Indian butterflies. 2nd ed. Bombay Natural History Society, Bombay, x+454pp+32pls.

Feltwell, J. (1986). The Natural History of Butterflies. Groom Helem Ltd., Provident House, Bureel Row, Beckenham19(3): 1411–1413

Gadgil, Μ. (1996): Documenting diversity: An experiment; Current Science. 70; 36-44.

Gupta, I.J. & J.P.N. Shukla (1987): Butterflies from Bastar district (Madhya Pradesh, India). Records of Zoological Survey of India, Occasional Paper 106: 1–74.

Gupta, I.J. and MondaI, D.K. 2005. Red Data Book (Part-2) - Butterflies of India: xv + 1-535 (Including 312 Colour Photographs & 11 Maps). Published by the Director, Zool. Surv. India, Kolkata.

Kaneria, M., Manish Kaneria and Vivek Kushwah (2013) Diversity of Butterflies (Lepidoptera) in Bilaspur District, Chhattisgarh, India Asian Journal of Experimental Biological Sciences.Vol 4(2) 2013: 282-287.

Kehimkar, Isaac (2014):.The Book Of Indian Butterflies, Bombay Natural History Society, Oxford University Press, Mumbai.2-3pp.

Kevin C. Matteson & Gail A. Langellotto Determinates of inner city butterfly and bee species richness. (2010) Urban Ecosyst 13:333–347 DOI 10.1007/s11252-010-0122 .

Kunte, K. (1997). Seasonal patterns in butterfly abundance and species diversity in four tropical habitats in northern Western Ghats. Journal of Biosciences 22: 593-603.

Kunte, K. (2001). Butterfly diversity of Pune City along the human impact gradient. Journal of Ecological Society 13– 14: 40–45.

Kunte, K. (2000). Butterflies of Peninsular India Universities Press (Hyderabad) and Indian Academy of Sciences (Bangalore), 254pp.

Lawton, J.H., E.E. Bignell, B. Bolton, G.F. Bloemers, P. Eggleton,P.M. Hammond, M. Hodda, R.D. Holt, T.B. Larsen, N.A. Mawdsley, N.E. Stork, D.S. Srivastava and A.D. Watt. 1998.

Biodiversity inventories, indictor taxa and effects of habitat modification in torpical forest. Nature (London). 391:72-76.

Nimbalkar,R.K., S.K. Chandekar & S.P. Khunte (2011).Butterfly diversity in relation to nectar food plants from Bhor Tahsil, Pune District, Maharashtra, India. Journal of Threatened Taxa 3(3): 1601-1609.

Padhye, A.D., N. Dahanukar, M. Paingankar, M. Deshpande & D. Deshpande (2006). Season and landscape wise distribution of butterflies in Tamhini north-western Ghats, India. Zoos’ Print Journal 21(3): 2175–2181.

Pollard, E., 1977. A method for assessing changes in the abundance of butterflies. Biological Conservation 12, 115-124

Rufus K.C & S.P. Sabrinathan ( 2007). A Checklist of Butterflies of Thengumarahada in the Nilgiris, Southern India. Zoos’ Print Journal 22(9): 2837-2838.

Ramesh T. K., Jahir Hussain, M.Selvanayagam, K.K.Satpathy and M.V.R. Prasad (2010). Patterns of diversity, abundance and habitat associations of butterfly communities in heterogeneous landscapes of the department of atomic energy (DAE) campus at Kalpakkam, South India. International Journal of Biodiversity and Conservation Vol. 2(4), pp. 75-85.

Singh, R.K. (1977). On a collection of butterflies (Insecta) from Bastar district, Madhya Pradesh, India. Newsletter Zoological Survey of India 3(5): 323–326.

Siddiqui, A. & S.P. Singh (2004). A checklist of the butterfly diversity of Panna Forest (M.P). National Journal of Life Sciences 1(2): 403–406.

Tiple, A D, Kumar Ghorpadé (2012)Butterflies (Lepidoptera—Rhopalocera) of the Achanakmar-Amarkantak Biosphere Reserve, in Chhattisgarh and Madhya Pradesh, with a synopsis of the recorded butterfly fauna of the eastern Central Highlands in India. Colmania, Number 26,pp. 1-38.

Tiple A.D., Khurad ,A.M., Dennis, R.L.H.(2007). Butterfly diversity in relation to a human-impact gradient on an Indian university campus. Nota Lepidopterologica 2007; 30(1):179–188.

Tiple,A. D. and A. M. Khurad (2009). Butterfly species diversity, their habitats and seasonal distribution in eight tropical habitats in and around Nagpur City. World Journal of Zoology. 4(3): 153-162.

Wynter-Blyth, M.A. (1957). Butterflies of the Indian Region. Bombay Natural History Society, Bombay, 523pp.



  • There are currently no refbacks.

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Open Science Journal (OSJ) is multidisciplinary Open Access journal. We accept scientifically rigorous research, regardless of novelty. OSJ broad scope provides a platform to publish original research in all areas of sciences, including interdisciplinary and replication studies as well as negative results.