Field Evaluation to the attraction efficiency for the different sources of the red palm weevil aggregation pheromone

Marwan Ibrahim Jaddou, Ali J.Al Kaabi, Abdullah M. Abu Agla, Ahmed S. Al Kaabi, Khuloud N. Al Kayoumi


Field experiments were conducted during the periods from June, 2014 to March, 2015, in three date palm orchards located in Al Ain city, Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates, in order to evaluate the attraction efficacy for five different sources from the red palm weevil (RPW), Rhynchophorous ferrugineus Oliver (Coleoptera: Curculionidae), aggregation pheromone by using the standard four window black bucket trap.  The three orchards are characterized by having different levels of infestation incidence by red palm weevil. The Randomize Complete Block Design (RCBD) with five treatment and three replicates was used in each of the three orchards. The aggregation pheromone sources used in this experiment were: Rhyfer 700, Pherocon RDPW Lure, Ferrugitom 700, Weevil lure, and Ferrulure +. Collectively in the three farms as well as per each farm, Weevillure aggregation pheromone trap capture significantly lower average numbers of RPW adults than Rhyfer, Pherocon, Ferrulure, and Ferrugitom pheromone sources. Rhyfer pheromone is about 1.12, 1.18, 1.56 & 1.16 % more efficient than Pherocon, Ferrugitom, Weevillure & Ferrulure, respectively.


Aggregation pheromone sources; Date palm; Black bucket trap;

Full Text:



Abbas M, Hanounik S, Shahdad A, Al-Bgham S. 2002. Aggregation pheromonetraps, a major component of IPM strategy for the red palm weevil, Rhynchophorus ferrugineus in date palms (Coleoptera: Curculionidae). J. Pest. Sci. 79:69-73.

Abraham VA, Al-Shuaibi MA, Faleiro JR, Abozuhairah RA, Vidyasagar PSPV. 1998. An integrated Management approach for red palm weevil, Rhynchophorus Ferrugineus Olivier-A key pest of date palm in the Middle East. Agricultural Sciences. 3: 77-83.

Abuagla A M, Al-Deeb M A. 2012. Effect of bait quantity and trap colour in the trapping efficacy of the pheromone trap for the red palm weevil, Rhynchophorus Ferrugineus. J. Insect Sci. 12: 120.

Al-Saoud A. 2004. The role of Aggregation pheromone in Integrated Control of red palm weevil, Rhynchophorus Ferrugineus Olivier (Coleoptera: Curculionidae). Pages 106-112 in: Proceedings of the Date Palm Regional Workshop on Ecosystem based IPM for Date Palm in the Gulf Countries UAE University, Al-Ain, UAE; 28-30 March 2004.

Buxton P A. 1918. Report on the failure of date crops in Mesopotamia in 1918. Agric. Directorate, M. E. F. Bassarah Bull. No. 6.

Faleiro JR. 2006. A review of the issues and management of the red palm weevil Rhynchophorus Ferrugineus (Coleoptera: Rhynchophoridae) in coconut and date palm during the last one hundred years. International Journal Tropical Insect Science. 26(3): 135-154.

Faleiro JR, Abraham VA, Al-Shuaibi MA. 1998. Role of pheromone trapping in the management of Red Palm Weevil. India Coconut Journal. 29(5): 1-3.

Ferry M, Gomez S. 2002. The red palm weevil in the Mediterranean area. Palms 46: 72–178.

Gunawardena N, Kern E, Kern F, Janssen E, Meegoda C, Schafer D, Vostrowski O, Bestmann H. 1998. Host attractants for red weevil, Rhynchophorus ferrugineus: Identification, Electrophysiological activity, and laboratory bioassay. J. Chem. Ecol. 24: 425-437

Gulf News, 2013.

Hallett R H, Oehlschlager A C, Borden J H. 1999. Pheromone trapping protocols for the Asian palm weevil, Rhynchophorus ferrugineus (Coleoptera: Curculionidae). International Journal of Pest Management, 45, 231–237

Hallett R H, Gries G, Gries R, Borden J H, Czyzewska E, Oehlschlager A C, Pierce Jr, Angerilli N P D, Rauf A. 1993. Aggregation pheromones of two Asian palm weevils Rhynchophorus ferrugineus and R. vulneratus. Naturwissenschaften, 80, 328–331.

Kaakeh W, El-Ezaby F, Aboul-Nour M. M, Khamis A. 2001. Management of the red palm weevil, Rhynchophorus Ferrugineus Olivier, by a pheromone /food-based trapping system. Pages 325–343: In Proceedings of the Second International Conference on Date Palms, March 2001, Al-Ain, UAE. UAE University, Al-Ain, United Arab Emirates.

Lefroy HM. 1906. The more important insects injurious to Indian agriculture. Govt. Press, Calcutta.

Murphy ST, Briscoe BR. 1999. The red palm weevil as an alien invasive: biology and prospects for biological control as a component of IPM. Biocontrol News and Information, 20:35–45

SAS Institute. SAS Users Guide, Release 8.0 ed. SAS Institute; 2001

Vidyasagar P S P V, Abozuhairah R A, Rai-Mohanna OE, Al-Saihati AA. 2000. Impact of mass pheromone trapping on red palm weevil adult population and infestation level in date palm gardens of Saudi Arabia. Planter, 76, 347–355.



  • There are currently no refbacks.

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Open Science Journal (OSJ) is multidisciplinary Open Access journal. We accept scientifically rigorous research, regardless of novelty. OSJ broad scope provides a platform to publish original research in all areas of sciences, including interdisciplinary and replication studies as well as negative results.